ASH 2014 – WCMC Related Abstracts

It has been another productive year for research in the Lymphoma Program at Weill Cornell Medical College. Listed below are the abstracts we were involved in whole or in part to be presented at this year’s 56th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Look to this space for future updates about developments at ASH 2014.

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
781 – Convergent Mutations and New Kinase Fusions Lead to Oncogenic STAT3 Activation in Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
1679 – Identification of a New Subclass of ALK Negative Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Expressing Aberrant Levels of ERBB4 Transcripts

CLL/SLL
327 – Efficacy and Safety of Ibrutinib in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Leukemia with 17p Deletion: Results from the Phase II RESONATE™-17 Trial
330 – Second Interim Analysis of a Phase 3 Study of Idelalisib (ZYDELIG®) Plus Rituximab (R) for Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): Efficacy Analysis in Patient Subpopulations with Del(17p) and Other Adverse Prognostic Factors
1990 – Pattern of Use of Anticoagulation and/or Antiplatelet Agents in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Treated with Single-Agent Ibrutinib Therapy
3316 – Extracellular Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) Shapes the CLL Microenvironment Promoting Macrophage M2 Polarization Via a Non-Enzymatic Mechanism
3331 – Updated Efficacy Including Genetic and Clinical Subgroup Analysis and Overall Safety in the Phase 3 RESONATETM Trial of Ibrutinib Versus Ofatumumab in Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
4615 – Cancer-Associated Mutations in SF3B1 Exhibit Neomorphic Splicing Activity and Block Erythroid Differentiation
3343 – Long-Term Follow-up of a Phase 1 Trial of Idelalisib (ZYDELIG®) in Combination with Bendamustine (B), Bendamustine/Rituximab (BR), Fludarabine (F), Chlorambucil (Chl), or Chlorambucil/Rituximab (ChlR) in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

DLBCL
59 – Demethylase Activity of Aid during Germinal Center B Cell Maturation Could Contribute to Lymphomagenesis
143 – Akt Activation Confers an Inferior Survival in Patients with Activated B-Cell Subtype of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Report from the International DLBCL Rituximab-CHOP Consortium Program
567 – BCL6 Mediates a Stress Tolerance Phenotype through Its BTB Domain
864 – Strand-Specific Total RNA Sequencing Establishes the Complete Transcriptome and Alternative Splicing Repertoire in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma
928 – A Virtual B Cell Lymphoma Model to Predict Effective Combination Therapy
1620 – NF-κB Subunit c-Rel Cooperates with Myc and Mutated p53 to Confer Significantly Worse Survival in Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Report from the International DLBCL Rituximab-CHOP Consortium Program
1692 – Genetic Mechanisms of Immune Escape in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma
1764 – Hsp90 at the Hub of Metabolic Homeostasis in Malignant B Cells
2032 – Whole-Genome Epigenomic Analysis in Multiple Myeloma Reveals DNA Hypermethylation of B-Cell Specific Enhancers
2963 – Mirna-181a expression Lead to Longer Animal Survival and Slower Tumor-Growth Rate in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Xenograft Models
3021 – Characterization of DLBCL-Derived Exosomes and Investigation of Their Biological Properties
3091 – Unexpected and Serious Toxicity Observed with Combined Idelalisib, Lenalidomide and Rituximab in Relapsed/Refractory B Cell Lymphomas: Alliance A051201 and A051202
3547 – EBV Microrna Mir-BHRF1-2 Targets PRDM1/Blimp1: Potential Role in EBV Lymphomagenesis
4417 – A Phase 1 Study of the BET-Bromodomain Inhibitor OTX015 in Patients with Non-Leukemic Hematologic Malignancies

Hodgkin Lymphoma
501 – Results of a Phase II Trial of Brentuximab Vedotin As First Line Salvage Therapy in Relapsed/Refractory HL Prior to AHCT
4400 – Circulating Memory T Cells Isolated from Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients Display Evidence of Exhaustion and Chronic Activation

Mantle Cell Lymphoma
625 – Sustained Remission with the Combination Biologic Doublet of Lenalidomide Plus Rituximab As Initial Treatment for Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A Multi-Center Phase II Study Report
2250 – Acquired in Vitro Resistance to Ibrutinib Is Associated with Transcriptional Re-Programming and Sustained Survival Signaling in Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia and Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Independent of BTK Cys481Mutation
3047 – Poor Overall Survival of Patients with Ibrutinib-Resistant Mantle Cell Lymphoma
4453 – Single-Agent Ibrutinib Demonstrates Safety and Durability of Response at 2 Years Follow-up in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Updated Results of an International, Multicenter, Open-Label Phase 2 Study
4461 – Safety Results from the United States Cohort of the Ibrutinib Early Access Treatment Protocol (EAP: MCL4001) in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma
4471 – Efficacy and Safety of Single-Agent Ibrutinib in Patients with Mantle Cell Lymphoma Who Progressed after Bortezomib Therapy

Marginal Zone Lymphoma
705 – The Coding Genome of Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma Reveals Recurrent Molecular Alterations of PTPRD and Other Jak/Stat Signaling Genes

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
60 – Protein Arginine Methyltransferase 5 Directly Targets and Epigenetically Silences microRNAs miR33b and miR96 to Support Constitutive Cyclin D1 Activity in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
3063 – Durable Responses Following Treatment with the PI3K-Delta Inhibitor Idelalisib in Combination with Rituximab, Bendamustine, or Both, in Recurrent Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Phase I/II Results

T-cell Lymphoma
510 – Integrin αvβ3 Transduces Survival and Angiogenic Signals to T Cell Lymphomas and Is a Therapeutic Target
810 – Transcription Regulation Targeting in Peripheral T Cell Lymphomas Induces Apoptosis and Sensitization to BCL2 Inhibitors

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia
1689 – The Selective Bcl-2 Inhibitor ABT-199 Synergizes with BTK or Proteasome Inhibitors to Induce Potent Cell Death in Preclinical Models of Bortezomib or Ibrutinib-Resistant Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia
2250 – Acquired in Vitro Resistance to Ibrutinib Is Associated with Transcriptional Re-Programming and Sustained Survival Signaling in Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia and Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Independent of BTK Cys481Mutation
3115 – Therapeutic Sensitivity of CD20- Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia Cells Is Determined By Underlying Genomic and Epigenetic Events
3116 – Targeted Disruption of USP14 and UCHL5 with the Novel Deubiquitinase Enzyme (DUB) Inhibitor, VLX1570, Induces Immense Proteotoxicity and Cell Death in Malignant Plasma Cells
3551 – Methylation Patterns in Waldenströms Macroglobulinemia Cells That Are Inherently Resistant or Have Acquired Resistance to Bortezomib, Converge on the TP63 and Cepba Family of Transcription Factors

ASH 2011: New Treatment for T-Cell Lymphoma

By Jia Ruan, MD

Update: The below mentioned trials are closed to enrollment. 

The peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoid diseases that constitute less than 15 percent of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas in adults in North America. The most common subtypes are 1) Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS); 2) Anaplastic large cell lymphoma, primary systemic type (ALCL); and 3) Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).  The PTCLs are generally aggressive, and tend to run a more relapsing and less favorable clinical course compared to B-cell NHLs.  Relapsed and refractory diseases are common. Novel and target therapies are in much need.

At the recent Annual Society of Hematology (ASH) meeting, Dr. Friedberg of the University of Rochester reported the result of a phase 2 trial of Alisertib (MLN8237), a potent inhibitor of aurora A kinase, in patients with relapsed aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). Aurora kinases regulate mitosis during cell division. Inhibition of aurora A kinase can lead to mitotic errors and premature cell death. Alisertib is taken orally twice daily for 7 days on 21-day cycles. This phase 2 study enrolled a total of 48 patients, including 8 patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The overall response rate was 32%.  Response in T-cell NHL was the most impressive at 57%: four out of eight patients responded, and the some of the responses were durable. The response rates in DLBCL and MCL were modest around 20%. Treatment-related side effects were generally tolerable and included low blood counts, fever, fatigue and inflammation in mouth. Based on these results, additional clinical trials (phase II sponsored by SWOG / NCI and phase III sponsored by Millennium) with this orally available compound are moving forward in T-cell lymphoma. Both of these studies will be available soon at Weill Cornell Medical College  (click here to read about the SWOG/NCI trial and click here to read about the Millennium trial on clinicaltrials.gov).

Dr. Advani of Stanford University discussed the updated results of an international phase 2 study of Brentuximab vedotin (SGN-35) in patients with relapsed or refractory systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma Continue reading “ASH 2011: New Treatment for T-Cell Lymphoma”

FDA Approves Brentuximab for Hodgkin Lymphoma and Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

By Rebecca Elstrom, MD

The FDA granted accelerated approval last week to brentuximab vedotin for use in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) which has relapsed after 2 prior therapies, and patients with anaplastic large T cell lymphoma (ALCL) which has relapsed after one prior treatment. Weill Cornell Medical College participated in the studies that led to the approval.

Brentuximab vedotin is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC); that is, a chemotherapy drug which has been attached to a monoclonal antibody in order to deliver the drug more specifically to target cells. In this case, the ADC targets CD30, a protein on the surface of the malignant HL cells and ALCL. Two phase 2 clinical studies were recently completed evaluating activity of brentuximab vedotin in HL patients who had had recurrence following autologous stem cell transplant and in ALCL patients that had relapsed after prior therapy. Response in both patient groups was striking. In HL, 73% of patients responded to treatment, with 32% achieving complete remission.  In ALCL, 86% of patients responded, with 57% achieving complete remission.

Major side effects of brentuximab vedotin in both groups of patients consisted of peripheral neuropathy, decreased blood counts, fatigue, nausea, rash and fever.

While long term results are still under investigation, initial response rates indicate that this drug represents an important new tool in the care of patients without other standard treatment options. Further studies are ongoing investigating how best to incorporate brentuximab vedotin into the routine care of patients with these lymphomas.